A good Portion of sun cream with SPF 50 and protection against skin cancer is perfect? “A misconception”, warns the skin cancer expert, Claus Garbe of the University of Tübingen. The skin could not be protected by sunscreen against skin cancer: “from sunburn, skin cancer.” Very low doses of UV radiation can cause to the dermatologist, according to changes in the genetic material in the skin, which can increase the risk of cancer. “As soon as the skin begins to brown, are triggered by mutations,” says Garbe.
Germany and help the sick according to the German cancer every year, more than 290,000 people new to skin cancer worldwide, the world health organization (WHO) suggests that two to three million people. The vast majority of them is from the – in comparison to the black skin cancer is less aggressive white skin cancer, the basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma.
Aggressive Tumor by UV-light
The black skin cancer (malignant melanoma) patients in 2014, the Robert Koch Institute (RKI) according to 21,000 people a new, worldwide there are more than 250,000 new cases a year. It is a malignant tumour of the pigment cells (melanocytes) in the skin that quickly forms metastases, and to fight hard.
The overall trend is clearly rising:
- In the fifties there was a case of a particularly treacherous melanoma in 100,000 people per year in Germany,
- in the nineties, there were 8 cases in 100,000 people,
- in 2010, there were 25 to 100,000
- For the year 2030 Garbe, according to 45 cases per 100,000 people are projected.
As long as people don’t let the extensive sun-bathing, and increased the rate of skin cancer is probably more feared Garbe, who is also conference President of the from the 13. September in Stuttgart to be held in the German skin cancer Congress is. By 2030 a doubling in the number of new cases is expected.
Small children from under the shade sails
Experts believe that the significant increase in the case of the late consequences of UV pay-related skin damage in Childhood and youth. Similarly, many years of leisure will increase and work-related sunlight exposure, the risk for the development of skin cancer. The more intense and persistent the skin of the UV-radiation (ultraviolet radiation) has been exposed to, the higher the risk of cancer.
That you should protect especially children and lotion, is now almost all aware of this, says the Berlin pediatrician Herbert Grundhewer. The basic rule is simple: The longer UV rays hit the skin, the greater the risk is. Especially small children are at risk because of their thin skin. Many daycare centers have reacted to this Knowledge, so Grundhewer, and let the children before sailing, playing in the Sand.
Grundhewer also warns not to confuse heat with UV radiation. You can see and feel the dangerous radiation. Of course children should be out in the nature, but also on cool, Sunny days, protected only with cream and clothing – especially between 11 and 15 o’clock. Also travels in Sunny countries-critical, where there is hardly any time had, on the sudden burden. “This is a special Stress for the skin,” says Grundhewer.
Especially in the more dangerous black skin cancer experts believe that it is due to acute UV-Overloading, especially in the age of the child. The white skin cancer concerns, however, especially long-term tourists, but also construction workers or roofers, who are long exposed to the sun. Also, the German Statutory accident insurance reports significantly rising Numbers of the disease as an occupational disease recognised skin cancer.
Everything was worse this year?
The summer this year was mostly Sunny and long. And so the chances of burnt skin rose. A sun fire alone is not a skin cancer, but: “The skin on adds,” says Ralph von Kiedrowski by the Board of Directors of the professional Association of German dermatologists (BVDD). In the course of the life of aufsummier the end of the growing damage and the probability of skin cancer increases.
Add to that a variety of genetic conditions that sometimes encourage the development of skin cancer. However, still large parts of the population are not sensitized enough to the risks assumed Kiedrowski, because: “Only 35 percent of those who could take a skin cancer screening, do that too.”
A study from the University of Heidelberg was recently shown that artificial intelligence can help Doctors to detect black skin cancer. In the case of a test with 100 images of malignant melanoma and benign moles, the computer program provided, on average, more likely to the correct diagnosis than 58 doctors skin from different countries.